The good thing about a free trade area is that it promotes competition, which increases a country`s efficiency in being on the same account of its competitors. The products and services will then be of better quality without being too expensive. Reality: the only beneficiaries of trade restrictions are inefficient companies and special interests working to protect them from competition. Nevertheless, for all that is good in trade agreements, it is important to see how far they are from being a perfect economic concept. Human rights and environmental impact are major problems that need to be addressed. Other pitfalls of free trade agreements are environmental abuses in countries such as Brazil, where trade agreements on beef and other products destroy tropical forests. Strip mining is a common example in struggling economies around the world. Trade agreements open markets and provide incentives and protection for businesses. These include obligations to protect intellectual property and workers` rights, as well as to open up regions to competition. They also regulate environmental standards and improve customs facilitation. Alan Blinder, a professor of economics at Princeton University, said, «Exporters tend to be more technologically demanding and create better jobs.» Trade and finance support each other. Finally, global investments allow for greater diversification and risk sharing. Reality: it is the overall level of trade — exports and imports — that most accurately reflects American prosperity.
Wealth is defined by the breadth and diversity of what Americans can consume. More exports increase prosperity only because they allow Americans to buy more imports and encourage more non-Americans to invest in America, which helps the U.S. economy grow. The restriction of imports makes Americans less well off. The main criticism of free trade agreements is that they are responsible for outsourcing employment. There are seven global drawbacks: free trade increases the prosperity of Americans — and citizens of all participating nations — by allowing consumers to buy more, better quality products at a lower cost. It promotes economic growth, efficiency, innovation and increased equity that comes with a rules-based system. These benefits increase with the increase in overall trade — exports and imports. In addition to the benefits to consumers importing goods, companies exporting goods for which the UK has a comparative advantage will also see a significant improvement in economic well-being. Lower tariffs on UK exports will increase exports, boosting employment and economic growth in the UK.
Economists are generally accused of three sins: the inability to agree among themselves; The indication of the obvious; and give bad advice. In the field of international trade, it would be fair to plead guilty to all three. If there is one proposal that virtually all economists agree on, it is that free trade is almost always better than protection.