Banff National Park is Canada`s oldest national park. Banff is located in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta, 110-180 kilometres west of Calgary, and includes 6,641 square kilometres of mountainous terrain with numerous glaciers and ice fields, dense coniferous forests and alpine landscapes. The Icefields Parkway stretches from Lake Louise and connects Jasper National Park to the north. The provincial forests and Yoho National Park are adjacent to the west, while Kootenay National Park is located in the south and Kananaski country in the southeast. The park`s main shopping centre is the town of Banff, in the Bow River Valley. During the Banff community, a special agreement was reached to determine the powers that will be transferred to the city and the powers that remain at the expense of the federal government. This is called the city of Banff`s founding contract. This is what Amendment No. 1 represents on this pre-foundation contract and the subscription (the «agreement») of August 12, 2010 between David Loflin («DLoflin»), Paul J. Goldman, M.D. («Goldman») and Newlan-Newlan, lawyers («N-N»). According to the Municipality of Banff, the city`s commercial area is limited to 353,000 square metres, or about 10% of the city`s total area.
Many mountain ranges tend from the northwest to the southeast, with the sedimentary layer between 40 and 60 degrees to the west.  The result is sloped land forms, with generally steeper east and north walls, and lattice drainage, where ancient rivers and glacial valleys followed the weakest layers in the rocks, as they were relatively slightly altered and eroded.   Classic examples can be found on the Banff Town Site: the rundle is a classic diving mountain. :28 North of the town of Banff, castle Mountain is made up of many rock formations of the Cambreau. The upper part of the summit consists of the relatively harder dolomie of the formation of the eldon. Below are the less dense slates of the Stéphanoise formation and the deepest cliffs on display are limestones from the formation of the cathedral.  :76 Both the Dogtooth Mountains and Mount Louis have sharp, rugged slopes. :114 The Sawback Range, made up of almost vertically inked sedimentary layers, was eroded by transverse gutters.  Erosion of these almost vertical rock layers in the Sawback area has led to formations that appear as teeth on a saw blade.  Erosion and the deposition of upper rock layers have caused debris in the deepest layers of many mountains.